Elected F.R.S. 1956
Nicholas Kurti was born in Budapest into a middle–class Jewish family. During most of the nineteenth century his father's family name had been Karfunkel, a name of German origin that conformed to the eighteenth–century decree of the Austrian Emperor that all Jews should take German names. At the end of the nineteenth century the Magyarization of the German names of Jews became widespread after the emancipation of the Jews, and Karfunkel became Kürti (4)*.