George Gray was an early contributor to our knowledge of the electron microscopic appearance of the central nervous system. He was skilful with the difficult techniques for preparing the tissues, worked rapidly, and was an astute observer. Sitting with him in the dark, staring at a dim image that George was moving rapidly as he searched for significant detail, could be an exciting experience. He had clear ideas about features that mattered and could quickly relate the two-dimensional electron microscopic images to the three-dimensional neural structures under investigation. He is best known for his detailed and perceptive description of synaptic junctions in the mammalian neocortex, and his name is still linked to two distinct junctional types (Gray's type 1 and Gray's type 2), now recognized as generally distinguishing excitatory from inhibitory junctions. He studied a wide range of neural tissues, played a significant role in the early isolation of ‘synaptosomes’, contributed greatly to the rapid advance of knowledge that accompanied the early application of the electron microscope to neural tissues, and influenced a great many later fine-structural studies of the nervous system.