Elected F.R.S. 1968
Michael Woodruff, one of the pioneers in transplantation, performed the first successful kidney transplant in the UK in 1960. But in addition he was a true surgeon scientist, who made many major contributions to transplantation biology. These included studies of the immunosuppressive activities and mechanisms of action of antilymphocyte sera, tolerance induction and mechanisms of tissue allograft rejection. He was a lateral thinker, a trait he displayed from his earliest days, and not least during his three and a half years as a prisoner of war in the notorious Japanese prisoner–of–war camp at Changi.