Elected FRS 1981
Autar Paintal began his scientific career at Lucknow University in India, enhanced it in David Whitteridge's Department of Physiology in Edinburgh and consolidated it in India, where he worked at the Technical Development Establishment, the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences and The Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute of Delhi University. He correctly identified atrial B receptors and by precise experimentation established the properties of atrial A and B fibres, of ventricular afferent fibres and the gastrointestinal sensory receptors. His enduring scientific contribution was to identify J receptors in the lung and to characterize their reflex and sensory actions, both at sea level and at Himalayan altitude. His distinguished contributions to medical science in India and abroad has been marked by the award of numerous honorary degrees and prizes.